7 Steps of a Construction Project
This article will try to explain the 7 steps involved in a construction project. Knowing the fundamentals of construction will aide in constructing a building successfully.
There are many different steps in every project but generally these are the most basic steps.
When the site of the project has been chosen, engineers and architects will use their skills to develop the site and building plan. Once the plan is made the total cost of the project will be estimated.
- Acquiring of Building Permit
Before the beginning of a construction the owner must ensure all the necessary papers and permits are completed. This may be procured by the owner or the contractor depending upon the pre-agreed terms.
This step is where the actual construction starts. All the necessary clean-up, excavations, levelling and even removal of plants and trees are done in this step. The necessary excavation for the utility lines and temporary facilities are prepared.
- Construction of the Foundation
Depending on the soil type and sea level of the area, the chosen foundation can differ. Once the foundation has been chosen, the land will be excavated to start the construction of the foundation. The works performed by the contractor are checked upon from time to time by the project-in-charge to ensure quality and safety.
Once the foundation or the substructure is finished, the construction of the superstructure will begin. Generally the steel support will come first followed by the finishing of the masonry walls. Choses windows and doors are placed based on the finishing plan.
- Punch List
Once the construction is finished it is time for the contractor to check the whole work one by one to make a punch list. This will later be corrected by the project-in-charge.
- Warranty Time
Once the project has been handed over to the owner, the contractor will indicate a warranty period. Within the time frame all defects in the building constructed must be fixed and replaced by the contractor. The warranty must be obtained from the manufacturers and suppliers
Consistent weakness of construction undertaking proven again by the slow pace at which building materials’ wholesale prices grow in Metro Manila back in September.
The Construction Materials Wholesale Price Index (CMWPI) in the National Capital Region – the basis at which the pricing of government projects are compared to – slowed down again by 0.5 percent in September from one percent in August and 1.8 percent in July, putting the current date average at 1.4 percent.
Compared to the 3.8 percent growth back in September 2019.
The indexes of the following item categories consistently showed annual decline during the month: plywood; plumbing and accessories/waterworks; reinforcing and structural steel and fuel and lubricants.
On the other hand, annual rates rose at an undemanding rate for concrete products and cement as well as painting works.
However, much more desirable growth was seen in the index of sand and gravel during the month.
The indexes of the rest of the item categories have remained equal to the past month’s annual growth rate.
The 2012-based CMWPI covers 17 item categories containing around 100 building materials.
The chosen construction materials for the CMWPI market basket were picked out from the bills of materials given by the Department of Public Works and Highways, National Housing Authority and Subdivision and Housing Developers Association.
One of the industries that has been on the rise is construction. With the increase of projects all over the country, contractors have to develop a team of highly skilled construction workers that are dependable to complete projects on time and not over the budget. Here are 5 essential qualities you need to look out for when hiring new workers:
- Physical prowess and endurance –
a construction labor will be faced with work that requires rigorous physical exertion that includes, lifting cement bags and chb, mixing concrete mix, digging holes for foundation and operation of hand and power tools. Look for a labor that boasts physical prowess and endurance.
- Hand-eye coordination and dexterity-
Including physical strength, mastery of hand-eye coordination is a must for a worker to easily assemble objects and use tools with both hands. Working on a construction site requires a worker to be in different positions that includes lying down, sitting, standing or squatting that prefers a worker to be able to use both hands, both feet or a hand and foot at the same time.
- Reading plans –
It is important for a construction worker specially a foreman to have an understanding on how to read construction plans so they can follow it precisely and thoroughly. Without the basic knowledge of plans the final structure may differ from the imagery that is in the blueprint.
- Basic understanding of maths-
Math skills are important for measuring angles and dimensions and also in determining how much adjustment is needed. Also, skills in geometry aids in the interpretation of designs.
- Knowledge in building and mechanics-
Experience in handling tools is a must in looking for a worker as their expertise on tools determines in which area of expertise they will be assigned to in a project. A skilled worker must-have is an expertise in operation of mechanical tools and heavy equipment.
Quality vision and depth perception-
A good eyesight is required in a construction job due to its sensitivity to measurements and dimension. They need to be able to see details from far away and up close. When operating machinery a skilled worker also needs to be able to read the dials and gauges on the machine being used as to ensure safety.
Providing a safe working environment should be the priority of a Civil Engineer, as a construction site is a hazardous place. One accident can not only derail the project but also have lasting effects on the life of the worker affected. To prevent future accidents occurring on the job workers should be provided with the proper safety equipment for their own protection.
There are specific tools for every specific need of area of protection, and these are the common ones that can be found in every construction site:
- Hard Hats – These are fundamental at all construction sites. They are used as protection from debris, swinging objects, falling tools and even when there is accidental from electrical wiring. Hard hats are subject to constant inspection from wear and tear as to ensure the integrity of the protection it can provide.
- Gloves – There are multiple options of work gloves for differing needs of protection. For example, heavy-duty leather and canvas type ones are used for protection from cuts, scrapes and burns, welding gloves are used by welders, heavy-duty rubber gloves go together with concrete, insulated gloves are used for electrical protection, and chemical-resistant gloves for chemical-agents.
- Steel-toe boots – Boots are mainly used for preventing heavy materials and tools from crashing on feet, and producing crushed toes. These also puncture-resistant and have non-slip soles as the work area tend to have sharp objects and slippery surfaces that lead to extra injuries if not prevented.
- Face and Eye protection – Welding goggles must always be worn whenever a worker is welding metal as the extensive brightness can damage the eyesight. Safety glasses and face shields are also used to protect from small pieces of material from entering the eyes or injuring the face. Grinding, cutting and chipping are some of the activities that require the use of these kinds of protection.
- Hearing protection – Heavy equipment produce loud sounds in levels that can damage a worker’s hearing when subjected to long exposure. Pre-molded earplugs and acoustic foam-lined ears muffs that seals off sound are best suited for these situations.
- Reflective Vests – Working at night, active highways, low lighted areas and at dusk requires wearing these to provide proper visibility as to where the workers are. Though it is also advisable to wear reflective clothing at all times to stand out and be easily pointed out in case of emergencies.
Other Types of Protective Equipment
Though these are not all of the available equipment at an Engineer or worker’s disposal, having these available on the site can minimize future accidents. It can also help keep the worker’s mind at ease knowing that their safety is a priority.
Construction and Design (C&D) is both a gratifying and lucrative business. When you see your clients’ reaction once you present to them the 3d perspective of their dream house or as you give them the key to their newly built homes, their reaction is truly a gratifying sight to behold.
Then comes your financial gain from this business, which can be as gratifying as well on your part. But most professionals and builders in the industry know the difficult part of the industry, especially for micro and mid type companies are the stability. When it rains it pours, but when there is no project, the feeling of dread of not being able to get a project in the next few weeks while maintaining your staff and worker is a nightmare.
So here are a few tips on how to get more projects in the Construction and Design industry, whether you are an Architect, Interior Designer, Contractor or an Engineer:
- Improve your social media visibility
Go where the clients usually are. Most clients or prospective clients spend a lot of their time on social media because most people do. So increasing your visibility on social media will likely improve the chance that they see your company or your projects there. Set up a Facebook, Instagram and even a twitter account to name a few.
But after this, you need to provide great content as well. Post your construction project status, upload your recent 3d designs, make some posters, write a blog or if you have less time on your hand, you can share content from websites or facebook pages like Colonish which often post their content and share them on facebook.
- Make sure they can search for you
You must make sure that your name will appear when clients search for you or type the words looking for a contractor or architect or designer. If you have a website, improve your searchability with SEO (Search Engine Optimization). You can also join platforms that feature people or companies from your industry. There are many sites like Colonish.com that allow users, professionals or builders, like you to post for free.
- Referrals: Don’t wait, Ask for them
Word of mouth is still an effective tool for improving your business’ market, but people won’t go out their way to mention your company or services unless they are asked. Have you ever thought of starting a conversation with “Hey, I know a good Architect. Do you want to hear about him?”
No. They will just respond when asked, “Do you know an Architect?”. So, improve referrals by
asking for them instead of waiting for one. Ask a former client if he knows someone that may
need your services now or in the future. Then reach out to that person. Out of 100 maybe only
10 will reply, then out of that 10 maybe only 1 will be an actual client, but hey, that will still be a
free marketing tool for you.
- Complete your projects and let the world know about it
Track record is still one of the top factors clients consider when making their decision. So a completed project, with great feedback is a great proof of your excellence. But what uses is this if only a handful of people know this. The 1 st 3 tips will help you broadcast this aspect by using all of them, social media, platform searches and referrals, use all these to make people know of what a great job you just completed.
Use these tips and start increasing your leads for the Construction and Design industry. Then it’s up to you to convert these leads. But just subscribe to our website and we will also release another guide or two, one of which is on how to close deals better.
Construction and Design is a very broad industry. Design alone can include Architectural, Interior, Structural and other technical designs, to name a few. Then Architectural design will include cad works, 3d rendering, planning and a lot more areas that will cover it. Then in Construction, you have a residential, commercial, low, mid and high rise, other structural construction and that just starts the list. Dive in deeper to the different phases or parts like foundation works, masonry, carpentry, welding, roofing, electrical and plumbing.
With an industry as big as this, having an edge over your competitors is both a must and a challenge.
And with the age of the internet, a lot of tools are available at your disposal and it’s only a matter of you using them to your advantage. So we list the best websites that can be used for your marketing and maybe the key to getting clients in the Construction and Design industry.
- Facebook and other Social Media
This might surprise you, or probably not, but Facebook is probably one of the best platforms to feature your business. People spend most of their time on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, Google+ and other social media platforms that visibility on these sites means the greater chance of your brand or product to be known. Now setting up a good account or page is key and will be covered on another article.
- Alibaba, Houzz and Amazon
Depending on what product you are selling, any of this e-commerce and platforms will be very useful for you. Alibaba has a wide array of construction materials and if you are a construction supplier, you need to list your products here. Houzz is mostly for services and furniture, so interior designers, architects and furniture makers will be highly encouraged to use this.
Appliances and end-user fixtures can still be considered part of the industry, and you can sell all of these at Amazon. If you list your products or services here, make sure you can deliver to clients looking to buy construction materials, furniture, appliances or finishing touches for their houses.
Colonish combines the features of both the social media platforms and e-commerce sites to fully take your marketing to a whole other level. Social media like features allows you to build your audience, connect with people and post status updates on your Stream. E-commerce capabilities introduce their own marketplace, where your products and services can be featured. Another feature of being able to save pictures you like as links to the users’ profile by “Nailing to Blueprint” gives an inviting feature for clients to explore the site. On Colonish.com you can build an audience, sell/offer you products and services and update your connections as well.
With all these tools, it will now be up to you how to take advantage and make use of them to
improve your company’s online profile and visibility.
We are Colonish.com: An Online Portal for all your Design and Construction needs. Think of it as an e-commerce website for construction and design, but it’s so much more, with its social network features.
As we embark our expansion to your country, we would like to invite you as one of our premiere
partners. This is not for testing as that is already done. We want to include you or your company in the network for FREE.
All you must do is reply to this email and we can send you instructions to create your own account.
When you already have an account, this will increase the possibility of a prospect client finding you when they use our platform. Your account is easy to set up as you can manually do this or sign up with your favourite social media site.
Through Colonish, you can also FIND CLIENTS, as you can search for them instead. We have a Looking For option where clients can post what they are looking for, making it easy for you to find them. You can also use Colonish to create your own network of suppliers, architects, builders and engineers, your own colony. Just like how ants cooperate with each other to build a strong structure, your network will work together to accomplish amazing projects.
Reply YES to this e-mail to be one of the first users in your country, increasing your searchability and giving you a head start on this platform. Or simply click the link below.
See you there.
God bless us all.